Role of policymakers to address tuberculosis, Health News, ET HealthWorld

by Bhubaneswar Kalita

The disease of tuberculosis is widespread and impacts millions of individuals across the world. India has the highest burden of tuberculosis, and it is the most infectious killer. In 2020, as per the data provided by the Union Health Ministry in Lok Sabha, India reported 1.8 million TB cases. The issue of TB has only been made more challenging with the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent lockdowns, as there was a negative impact on detection of cases, diagnosis and treatment. The pandemic has also led to a reversal of decades of progress in the TB elimination. With the vision for ‘TB-Mukt Bharat’ set forth by the Honorable Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, it is essential that we build political will and prioritize efforts to address the disease. Policymakers and political leaders from all levels, national, state, district, will need to come together to realize the vision.

One of the most significant challenges affecting the treatment of tuberculosis is stigma. The most common reasons for stigma are the perceived risk of transmission to members of the family or community, lack of awareness about the disease and its prevention, misinformation and myths propagated in the society, among numerous

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Further deterioration this week in Europe, Health News, ET HealthWorld

PARIS: The Covid-19 pandemic continued to pick up speed this week in Europe, mainly in the East of the continent, but also its decline in other regions of the world.

Here is the global state of play based on an AFP database.

– Five percent spike – The number of new daily cases globally increased for a second week in a row, by five percent, to 432,100, according to an AFP tally to Thursday.

However, the confirmed cases only reflect a fraction of the actual number of infections, with varying accounting practices and levels of testing in different countries.

– Deterioration in Europe – The global increase was largely down to Europe with a 14 percent increase in the number of new recorded daily cases over the week.

The situation has been worsening for the past month and a half.

The countries seeing the biggest spikes are all situated in Europe, notably in the East, with the Czech Republic seeing cases double (101 percent). In Hungary cases were up 92 percent, followed by Denmark (80 percent), Poland (70 percent), Croatia (65 percent) and Slovakia (63 percent).

– Improvement everywhere else – But in every other region of the world the

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Dr Aparna Jaiswal, Health News, ET HealthWorld

On World Stroke Day ETHealthworld interacts with Dr Aparna Jaiswal, Director Cardiology and Electrophysiology at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, to understand how the latest advancements in the prevention and treatment of stroke are helping patients.

Q. Since the start of the Covid pandemic, has there been an increase in the number of stroke cases in India?
Dr Aparna Jaiswal: COVID-19 has taken the world by storm. It had only forced people to stay inside their homes during recurrent lockdowns but has had a huge impact on the overall lifestyle. The drastic lifestyle changes in people have made them prone to hypertension, unchecked diabetes, which are directly linked to stroke. Several research reports have also indicated that COVID-19 may have increased the risk of having a thrombotic vascular event, or thrombosis that led to the number of stroke cases.

Q. What are the latest advancements that have enabled better prevention and treatment of stroke?
Dr Aparna Jaiswal: There have been significant developments in the field of prevention and treatment of stroke. In the area of prevention, there has been an array of diagnostics to identify arrhythmia or Atrial Fibrillation, or irregular heartbeat. Recent advances in mobile health

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Covid: Double vaccinated can still spread virus at home

Prof Ajit Lalvani, of Imperial College London, UK, who co-led the study, said: “The ongoing transmission we are seeing between vaccinated people makes it essential for unvaccinated people to get vaccinated to protect themselves from acquiring infection and severe Covid-19, especially as more people will be spending time inside in close proximity during the winter months.

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