We often think that only older people suffer from stroke. But as per reports, In India, nearly one-fifth of patients with first-ever stroke admitted to hospitals has been estimated to be aged 40 years or less. Stroke in young poses a major health problem for any country. As per WHO, stroke as an event caused by the interruption of the blood supply to the brain, usually because a blood vessel bursts or is blocked by a clot. This cuts off the supply of oxygen and nutrients, causing damage to the brain tissue. One of the reasons of stroke in young adults could be an history of congenital heart defect. Let’s first understand the connection between these two conditions.
How congenital heart defect carries the risk of stroke
All foetuses in the womb have a small opening called a foramen ovale in the wall between the right and left atria. This hole allows blood to bypass the fetal lungs which are unable to function until they are exposed to air. The pressure from the first breath of a new-born baby, closes the foramen ovale and it seals completely within a few months in