Treating premature new-borns with heart defects without surgery, Health News, ET HealthWorld

By‎ Dr. Sudeep Verma

A few months back, we received a referral call for a 40-day old baby from a peripheral hospital with very low body weight in critical condition. The child was diagnosed with Patent Ductus Arteriosus or PDA, a common condition detected in premature babies. Doctors performed a minimally invasive treatment procedure using a wire mesh device to close the PDA and successfully treated the infant.

In India, eight out of every 1000 newborn babies suffer from heart defects which accounts for approximately 1.5 lakh infants born with congenital heart disease per year. About 10% of the infant mortality rate can be attributed to congenital heart disease alone. These defects range from simple to complex. Certain problems can be examined by the doctor and managed with medicines, others require surgery, at times as soon as in the first few hours of the child’s birth.

Understanding heart defects in newborns
It is critical to know how the heart works to understand congenital heart disease. The heart is divided into chambers – two upper chambers (atria) and two lower chambers (ventricles). The right side of the heart transfers blood to the lungs through blood vessels known as pulmonary arteries. Oxygen-rich

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